Caterpillar Engine Error Codes. Caterpillar Servicing Engine. Cat Engine Parts Manual. Cat C15 Engine Parts Manual.
Caterpillar Instructions Manual. Caterpillar User Manual. Caterpillar E Maintenance Manual. Caterpillar Specifications. Caterpillar Maintenance Manual. Caterpillar except Operation And Maintenance Manual. Caterpillar Front End Loaders manuals. C15 Cat Engine Wiring Schematics. Cat EWD. Caterpillar B and E Wiring. Caterpillar b, c, c Engine Wiring, Caterpillar. FMI 00 - The data is reliable, but it exceeds the normal operating range of the parameter change.
For each electronic control system, the upper limit of the expected operating range of the signal value change is set. The upper limit is set based on the expected maximum value of the parameters for example, the temperature of the torque converter. A sensor that continues to function but generates a signal whose value is higher than the expected upper limit will cause the FMI 00 code to be registered.
For each electronic control system, the lower limit of the expected operating range of the signal value change is set. The lower limit is set based on the expected minimum value of the parameters eg oil pressure in the engine. A sensor that continues to function but generates a signal whose value is below the expected lower limit will cause the FMI 01 code to be registered.
The appearance of the FMI 02 code occurs when there is a signal from the corresponding component. Then, the information signal data can change as follows. The values of the data at certain intervals can be correct, but not in others. The appearance of this code can also be associated with the incorrect exchange of information between electronic units. For example, in the case where the VIMS system requests engine speed data from the engine control unit via a data link from Caterpillar.
The code FMI 03 appears in cases where the values of voltages measured in a particular system or element become high.It is a relatively simple system, without the bells and whistles mandated by current emissions regulations. The ECM mounts on the engine, which reduces the electromagnetic radiation given off by the harness, simplifies packaging, and enables the computer to be cooled by fuel.
A major engineering effort was required to isolate the electronics from the heat, vibration, solvents, steam, and water blasts that engines are exposed to. All sensors, with the exception of the oil pressure sensor, input data for efficient fuel allocation. Abnormally low or high sensor readings cause the ECM to set one or more trouble codes, which can be retrieved by connecting a scan tool to the SAE J data link connector. The only computer-controlled actuators in this particular system are the electronic unit injectors EUIscooling fan, and cruise control.
A more sophisticated system used on current C, C, and C truck engines is illustrated in Fig. Sensor and actuator functions for this and the earlier Cat system are outlined in Table Sensor location is similar for the C, except that boost and intake-manifold pressure sensors are on the left side forward rather than on the right. Electronic unit injector Both the and C series engines employ EUIs that combine mechanical actuation with electronic control over fuel volume.
Figure illustrates an EUI in cross-section. A roller-tipped rocker arm, acting on in the injector plunger, provides the force necessary to generate the 28,psi injection pressure. A spring-loaded check valve, located near the injector tip and set to open at psi, remains closed during the fill process. Injection can be initiated any time after the plunger starts its downward travel.
Upon signal, the solenoid valve closes the port, trapping fuel in the injector barrel. Further downward movement of the plunger raises fuel pressure sufficiently to over- come spring tension acting on the check valve.
The check valve opens and injection begins. Responding to the sudden loss of pressure at the injector tip, the check valve snaps shut. Injection ceases. Although the software has primary responsibility for injector timing, plunger movement is affected by rocker-arm lash. The onset of pressure rise depends upon the clearance between the rocker arm and the plunger.
Courtesy Caterpillar Inc. Low-pressure circuit Figure illustrates the low pressure circuit for EUI-equipped engines. A gear-type transfer pump 9 delivers fuel from the tank 12 to the injectors 3. The pump incorporates a check valve 11 that permits fuel to flow around it during manual priming and a pressure-relief valve 10 to protect the system from over-pressurization. Cat supplies dealer mechanics with a special tool, consisting of a pressure gauge, a sight glass, and the necessary fittings for makeup to mechanical and electronic low- pressure systems.
This tool is similar to the Ford tool described in Chap. Check fuel pressure by removing the fuel pressure sensor at the base of the fuel filter.
Install a pressure gauge and run the engine at rated rpm and load. Pressure should be 90 psi. If pressure is 75 psi or lower, check the fuel level in the tank, verify that the fuel cap vent is open, and that supply and return lines are in good condition.
Pay particular attention to the return line, which can collapse if exposed to excessive heat. Replace the fuel filter. If necessary, replace the lift pump. If fuel pressure is high, that is, psi or greater, remove the fuel-regulating valve 10 and make sure the orifices near the tip of the unit are open.
Flush out any debris and attempt to find the source of the contamination.This manual can be viewed on any computer, as well as zoomed and printed, makes it easy to diagnose and repair problems with your machines electrical system. See more about the documents troubleshooting and electrical service procedures are combined with detailed wiring diagrams for ease of use click link.
Hydraulic diagrams are drawn with specialized software with high resolution, you can zoom in to see the path of the oil, operation principle or position of the sensors. Complete download comes in PDF format which can work under all PC based Windows operating system Mac, with a phone or tablet running android or ios operating system also. Find the page about your job, print it off and get working on your Machine.
No more ruining your expensive paper shop manual with grease and dirt. Also, you can see the parts catalogs, service manuals, workshop manual, manual repair, and shop manual. Instant download means there is no shipping costs or waiting for a cd or paper manual to arrive in the mail. You will receive this manual today via instant download on completion of payment via our secure payment processor. This quality guide is percents complete and intact, no missing corrupt pages sections to freak you out!
Register Or Log in. Quantity Qty. Add to Wishlist. Description Additional information Reviews 0. There are no reviews yet. Show more.After that you can pay for it by Paypal or credit card. You and your team can service your CAT Caterpillar at a state-of-the-art facility, or you can conduct service and repairs at your facility or any distributor site to accommodate your needs.
Our exceptional CAT PDF manuals offer both operator and technical guidance, complimented by extensive troubleshooting and schematics for CAT operation, maintenance, and service. You need to repair your Caterpillar and save money? After downloading a pdf file you can print as many copies of your CAT shop manual as you want. If you have questions regarding the factory Caterpillar manual we are ready to support you. Caterpillar dealers often request too much money for repairing your Caterpillar and our web-site is created to help you with repairing your CAT machinery.
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After downloading you can print it or use on your PC with complete functionality of searching by word. If you have questions we can help you with choosing the correct CAT manual PDF because we specialize in repairing Caterpillar machinery. Every company which specializes in repairing CAT machinery absolutely needs the authorized Caterpillar CAT factory workshop manual because it is not possible to perform service and repairs professionally without such literature.
The manufacturers of most machinery never provide repair manuals for its customers because they will lose money on service. The price is the same for all. We have PDF manuals for repairing all Caterpillar engines without which you will not able to do properly do the overhauling.Introduction About us Study Discover our undergraduate and postgraduate programmes Statistics at LSE An introduction to the discipline Watch the video Careers in Statistics Discover our alumni destinations and how to engage with the LSE Careers service Event: Statistics Seminar Series Talk With Yundong Tu, Peking University on 01.
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Wallis and Futuna Western Sahara Yemen Zambia Zimbabwe Databases OECD. When analysing data, such as the marks achieved by 100 students for a piece of coursework, it is possible to use both descriptive and inferential statistics in your analysis of their marks.
Typically, in most research conducted on groups of people, you will use both descriptive and inferential statistics to analyse your results and draw conclusions. So what are descriptive and inferential statistics. And what are their differences. Descriptive statistics is the term given to the analysis of data that helps describe, show or summarize data in a meaningful way such that, for example, patterns might emerge from the data.
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Descriptive statistics do not, however, allow us to make conclusions beyond the data we have analysed or reach conclusions regarding any hypotheses we might have made. They are simply a way to describe our data. Descriptive statistics are very important because if we simply presented our raw data it would be hard to visulize what the data was showing, especially if there was a lot of it. Descriptive statistics therefore enables us to present the data in a more meaningful way, which allows simpler interpretation of the data.
For example, if we had the results of 100 pieces of students' coursework, we may be interested in the overall performance of those students.
We would also be interested in the distribution or spread of the marks. Descriptive statistics allow us to do this. How to properly describe data through statistics and graphs is an important topic and discussed in other Laerd Statistics guides. Typically, there are two general types of statistic that are used to describe data:When we use descriptive statistics it is useful to summarize our group of data using a combination of tabulated description (i.
We have seen that descriptive statistics provide information about our immediate group of data.
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For example, we could calculate the mean and standard deviation of the exam marks for the 100 students and this could provide valuable information about this group of 100 students. Any group of data like this, which includes all the data you are interested in, is called a population. A population can be small or large, as long as it includes all the data you are interested in. For example, if you were only interested in the exam marks of 100 students, the 100 students would represent your population.
Descriptive statistics are applied to populations, and the properties of populations, like the mean or standard deviation, are called parameters as they represent the whole population (i.Monitoring of procedures is on-going and subject to compliance inspection. The process of resolution of claims and disputes between BetBull and the customer are defined by and implemented according to BetBull Procedure on Fair and Open Practice: Dispute Resolutions.
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Betbull retains the right to take further action as deemed necessary. If bets, which exceed the stated amounts, are erroneously accepted, the excess amount will be disregarded and the bet amount placed will be revised accordingly and the difference paid back to the Player. Betting and Sporting RulesGeneral rules and arrangements regarding the placement, settlement and payouts of betsThe customer declares upon the placement of bets:That he or she is at least 18 years of age and the personal information provided in the registration process is truthful.Appreciated that the driver was there on time to pick us up from the airport (he also gave us helpful hints about driving in Iceland) as was the transport from Thrifty to take us to the car rental.
We booked this tour of Iceland as our honeymoon. Most people in the USA book tropical vacations, however we wanted something adventurous and more memorable. Iceland and this trip exceeded our expectations in every way. The country is incredible and words cannot describe its beauty. We were so thankful for the maps and printed out information.
This was the trip of a lifetime and if money permits, we'd LOVE to come back someday. The self-driving tour planned for us was everything I'd hoped, with a wonderful range of destinations and accommodations throughout. In every case, arrangements were what we would have chosen, had we planned this trip ourselves.
Iceland is such a hidden treasure we'd never known about and are happy to share our experiences with others and encourage them to visit your wonderful country of breath-taking natural wonders. Amelia and myself really enjoyed the tour. I was very surprised that the tour was happening although there were only five of us. We really appreciate it very much that you made the tour happened as Amelia could not travel on other timings.
Hotels were comfortable and meals were good. The tour itinerary met our expectation as we were introduced to what Iceland could offer as a whole. Our tour guide was knowledgeable and told us interesting stories. I have never heard of Iceland sagas before this trip. He was so enthusiastic about the Northern Lights. I am so glad I saw it and he took a photo of us for our remembrance.
After seeing it on 15 April he still continued to go out on subsequent evenings to see if we could view it further as he said that might a chance to see it. That was commendable although we did not see it again.
Nordic Visitor is a knowledgeable, competent and effective travel agent for Norway. Its suggested itinerary for southern Norway produced an enjoyable and memorable experience that leaves one wanting more of Norway as well as other countries in which Nordic Visitor specializes. It was well organised - all arrangements timed perfectly - good background information in the itinery We thought our guide was absolutely wonderful.
I loved all of it, and I appreciated the amount of time we spent as a group and also the time to be on our own. The transportation from city to city was excellent, and the ferry ride to Oslo from Copenhagen was fantastic. Everything in the itinerary was in place and there were no hassles. All the hotels selected by you were wonderful.
Overall a wonderful experience. Helga, our tour consultant, went above and beyond with her service.